+ Reply to Thread
Results 1 to 20 of 20
Like Tree14Likes
  • 3 Post By Olitho
  • 4 Post By Blackbird
  • 2 Post By Olitho
  • 2 Post By jimt
  • 2 Post By Stuntman
  • 1 Post By hakeem

Thread: What is Graphene?

  1. #1
    Chest hair required Olitho's Avatar
    Join Date
    Mar 2007
    Posts
    5,088
    Liked
    2165 times

    Default What is Graphene?

    Technology helps the world advance. As humans it's in our nature to investigate, innovate and solve problems.

    This curiosity means we make things, create things and develop new technologies.

    You can look back thousands of years for basic examples of technology pushing civilization forward.

    Most people don't understand the rapid change technology has on their life... or the speed at which change occurs.

    For example, the following are the five 'Great Ages' of human progress and their approximate duration:
    • Stone Age — 3.4 million years
    • Bronze Age — 2,500 years
    • Iron Age — 500 years
    • Industrial Revolution — 80 years
    • Information Revolution — 20 years
    You'll notice the length of each 'age' diminishes as technology improves.

    The computer industry calls this trend 'Moore's Law'. It dictates that computer processing power doubles every 18 months.

    200 TIMES STRONGER THAN STEEL,
    150,000 TIMES THINNER THAN A HUMAN HAIR AND
    MORE FLEXIBLE THAN A SHEET OF PAPER

    You may have heard about graphene.

    If you haven't, it's a newly discovered, very special refined form of graphite.

    It's a one-atom-thick sheet of densely packed carbon atoms arranged in a honeycomb lattice.

    Take a look:


    Put simply, it's a sheet of carbon atoms 150,000 times thinner than a human hair.

    Under a powerful microscope, it looks like chicken wire.

    But what's so special about it?

    Everything.

    For starters, it's 200 times stronger than structural steel.

    It's so strong you could suspend an elephant from a single strand of graphene and the strand would not break.

    It's extremely lightweight too.

    Soon, everything from bicycles and boats to aero planes and cars could be made out of graphene composites.

    And when they are, their energy efficiency and durability could skyrocket.

    But that's just the beginning of what this new 'smart material' can do.

    Not only is it the strongest material researchers have ever tested it’s also one of the best conductors man has ever found.

    IBM has already created a graphene-based processor capable of executing 100 billion cycles per second.

    Researchers believe that in the future, a graphene credit card could store as much information as today's computers.

    Be clear.
    This one material alone could prove more revolutionary than — and soon REPLACE — plastic, Kevlar and the silicon chip


    In fact, it's such a breakthrough that the first two scientists to successfully produce single-atom-thick crystals of graphene were awarded the 2010 Nobel Prize in Physics.

    And for good reason.

    In just two years, over 200 companies from a wide array of industries have researched the magical potential of graphene.
    • Scientists in the US and China are already using tiny graphene-based probes to target and identify tumors in live mice. They hope similar graphene-based particles could shuttle cancer drugs to tumors or even kill tumor cells directly
    • Engineers at Northwest University, Seattle, found that specially crafted graphene electrodes could allow a lithium-ion battery like those found in your smart phone or Toyota Prius to charge 10 times faster and hold 10 times more power.
    • And in 2011, chemists at Rice University, Houston, created graphene-based thin films unlocking the secret to incredibly flexible, super-durable touch screens and solar cells that can wrap around just about anything.
    The Smallest Revolution
    in History.

    Down at the molecular level there's a lot of friction. Particles can stick together really easily. This means new and complicated structures can be formed.

    Today scientists are experimenting with different conditions to see what sorts of new molecular structures they can create.


    All these different molecular structures have different properties.

    And soon they'll change the way we live.

    From solar panels you can spray onto your roof, to computers and batteries so small they are invisible. From mobile phones that you can stretch, twist and even imbed into your clothing, they'll make stronger houses, tougher cars...and even make us healthier

    Medical researchers are already looking at using nano-particles to deliver drugs or hunt down cancerous tumors.

    Just imagine 'nano medicines' patrolling your body, hunting down diseases and zapping problems as soon as they arise.
    Samsung have already said its flexible displays should enter full-scale production later this year and it expects to have a dozen more graphene-based products on the market within the next five.

    IBM, Nokia and Apple are hot on their heels too.


    Touch screens, processor chips, casings and batteries in everything from PCs and HD TVs to tablets, mobile phones and hybrids could be all made with graphene.

    It could change entire industries economies and our lives.

    Imagine.

    HD TVs as thin as wallpaper.

    Smart phones so skinny and flexible you can roll them up and put them behind your ear and so durable you can beat them with a hammer.

    It's mind-blowing.

    Imagine how our world and your life would change if the batteries that run your iPhone, your Kindle and your laptop held 10 TIMES more power and charged 10 TIMES faster than they do now.

    If you could eliminate breast cancer or prostate tumors with a simple injection or by swallowing a graphene-charged pill.

    If your house were strong enough to withstand a bush fire and your windows processed enough solar energy to heat your home in winter and cool it in the summer.

    If the car you drove were six times lighter and 20 times stronger.

    The effects would be staggering

    Fuel-efficiency would shoot through the roof.

    People would live longer, healthier lives.

    Cars and aero planes would be lighter, faster and safer than ever before.

    And electronics of every type would be launched into an era of unprecedented growth and evolution.

    This is just a taste of the cutting-edge innovations coming in the Molecular Age.

    ...innovations that will reshape the future in the months and years ahead and it's starting now.

    You're looking at a simultaneous eruption of new-age technologies that will alter our lives on a scale not seen for 100 years

    All this technological change and innovation will transform the world.
    • 'Nano batteries' will charge your mobile in seconds...and even power whole cities.
    • 'Smart phones' will carry the computing power of IBM's Watson Supercomputer.
    • A new era of computing mobility — none of the solid rectangular things we carry now but flexible, wearable devices.
    • Handheld 'breathalyzers' will diagnose disease in seconds.

    • Bionic limbs with human fluidity and dexterity, but the strength of Superman.

    • Spacecraft with the capacity to take us beyond our solar system into places and worlds never explored.

    Want to know more?
    Graphene - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    bellwilliam, ucfbrett and JJ1 like this.
    To the right of The Sheriff. Isn't everyone?

  2. #2
    Senior Member robburgoon's Avatar
    Join Date
    Jan 2008
    Posts
    6,853
    Liked
    1429 times

    Default

    shut-up-take-my-money.jpg

  3. #3
    http://www.trackhq.com/Banners/yellowsitesponsor.gif Blackbird's Avatar
    Join Date
    Apr 2012
    Location
    Northridge
    Posts
    2,198
    Liked
    1884 times

    Default

    Quote Originally Posted by pucsicsal in 9/18/2013 View Post
    I agree 100% as a driver, but imagine how far ahead Porsche will be once the breakthrough in battery technology comes and battery packs becomes as light as a tank of gas and charge in a few minutes? All the motors and electronics will be already developed and manufacturing process in place, all Porsche will have to do is slap in the new battery. We will be able to have our cake and eat it too in the near future I think!
    Quote Originally Posted by Olitho in 9/18/2013 as a response to the above post View Post
    Don't count on it. Battery R&D has been going on for decades and very little progress has been made. It does not develop along a curve like "Moore's Law" in semiconductors or disk drive density. It is a painstaking, slow and expensive small incremental R&D process. Maybe someone will invent something for batteries that is the equivalent of the transistor that will set battery advancement at a crazy pace, but there is not even of glimmer of light on the horizon for that.
    Quote Originally Posted by Olitho, just 5 days later View Post
    200 TIMES STRONGER THAN STEEL,
    150,000 TIMES THINNER THAN A HUMAN HAIR AND
    MORE FLEXIBLE THAN A SHEET OF PAPER

    You may have heard about graphene.

    If you haven't, it's a newly discovered, very special refined form of graphite.
    .
    .
    .
    • Engineers at Northwest University, Seattle, found that specially crafted graphene electrodes could allow a lithium-ion battery like those found in your smart phone or Toyota Prius to charge 10 times faster and hold 10 times more power.
    .
    .
    .
    All this technological change and innovation will transform the world.
    • 'Nano batteries' will charge your mobile in seconds...and even power whole cities.
    I'm confused.

  4. #4
    Chest hair required Olitho's Avatar
    Join Date
    Mar 2007
    Posts
    5,088
    Liked
    2165 times

    Default

    We are at least a decade away from Graphene being a commercially viable product. It has not been determined that it can be commercially viable in a battery application. Battery technology has not been improving along Moore's Law.

    Just remember how long it has taken carbon fiber and kevlar to become economical in mass consumer applications... some would argue it is not there, yet still.


    Graphene is something with huge potential on the horizon, but it may go as limp as hydrogen powercell that was all the rage for a short time 10 years ago.
    To the right of The Sheriff. Isn't everyone?

  5. #5
    Not Certified Slow SDSUsnowboards's Avatar
    Join Date
    Dec 2011
    Location
    Orange County
    Posts
    1,717
    Liked
    742 times

    Default

    At last, my dream of receiving a paper cut from my cell phone is almost upon me.

    But, seriously, I do believe young people today, who are wealthy in their old age, will be immortal.
    2001 MR2-Eleven
    Experience Points: 21
    Youtube Channel.

  6. #6
    Spec Backhoe Champion redtopz's Avatar
    Join Date
    Mar 2010
    Posts
    1,229
    Liked
    981 times

    Default

    I guess we are in the Carbon Age now. For more reason than one. Thanks for the info Oli. Very interesting.

  7. #7
    Old timer craZee's Avatar
    Join Date
    Oct 2007
    Location
    El Cajon
    Posts
    648
    Liked
    447 times

    Default

    I can't believe that Richard has not asked for the Cliff notes version of this. I only made it two sentances before giving up...

  8. #8
    Chest hair required Olitho's Avatar
    Join Date
    Mar 2007
    Posts
    5,088
    Liked
    2165 times

    Default

    Quote Originally Posted by redtopz View Post
    I guess we are in the Carbon Age now. For more reason than one. Thanks for the info Oli. Very interesting.
    You better be working on your car. My next car is almost done and her nickname is Graphene!
    To the right of The Sheriff. Isn't everyone?

  9. #9
    Chest hair required Olitho's Avatar
    Join Date
    Mar 2007
    Posts
    5,088
    Liked
    2165 times

    Default

    The Sheriff already PM'd me his disappointment. He saw the title and thought is was a porn star dating site....
    bawareca and JJ1 like this.
    To the right of The Sheriff. Isn't everyone?

  10. #10
    Senior Member
    Join Date
    Sep 2011
    Location
    Rolling Hills Estates
    Posts
    2,949
    Liked
    855 times

    Default

    Quote Originally Posted by redtopz View Post
    I guess we are in the Carbon Age now. For more reason than one. Thanks for the info Oli. Very interesting.
    Carbon is the "big deal" element with respect to life on planet earth. Organic chemistry, the rule book for living things, is pretty much the science of carbon containing molecules that make up all living matter, store the suns energy, and create oxygen.

    And the graphene itself is a subset of pure carbon molecules know as "Fullerenes" (named after Buckminster Fuller), tubular and spherical versions of graphene that form many of the nano materials that Oli is referencing.


    Fullerene - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    Last edited by Loose Caboose; 09-23-2013 at 03:26 PM.

  11. #11
    Faster than Oli jimt's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2009
    Location
    Orange County, CA
    Posts
    652
    Liked
    434 times

    Default

    What a bunch of nerds you all are.

    nerds.jpg
    bellwilliam and JJ1 like this.
    ~ Jim Tway
    Tway Motorsports
    (714) 528-2150
    #57 Pacific Automotive Recycling Center Corvette

    Brought to you by:
    Pacific Automotive Recycling Center
    PA Construction
    American Heritage Performance

  12. #12
    "Shoe"
    Join Date
    May 2008
    Posts
    1,797
    Liked
    542 times

    Default

    I forget if it's strength was in tension or compression. It's matrix makes it very fragile in (i think) shear. I got to play with some and it's pretty neat and can blow away in your hand but it's structure can fall apart.

    Very cool glimpse into future possibilities but it'll take a bit of refining.

    Now 3D printers...
    pucsicsal and JJ1 like this.

  13. #13
    Senior Member pucsicsal's Avatar
    Join Date
    Dec 2009
    Location
    So Cal
    Posts
    597
    Liked
    97 times

    Default

    I sure hope so.. Seems awesome material

    By the way, what ever happened to Starlite?? 10 mindblowing uses for the world-changing substance that never was | News | TechRadar
    Last edited by pucsicsal; 09-23-2013 at 04:30 PM.

  14. #14
    Senior Member
    Join Date
    Sep 2011
    Location
    Rolling Hills Estates
    Posts
    2,949
    Liked
    855 times

    Default

    Quote Originally Posted by robburgoon View Post
    Hey, pretty progressive!

    I thought you dirt track guys were pretty much sold on baling wire, duct tape, and dried nose boogers.

  15. #15
    dirty smack talker hakeem's Avatar
    Join Date
    Mar 2008
    Location
    San Francisco, CA
    Posts
    3,076
    Liked
    977 times

    Default

    Quote Originally Posted by Olitho View Post
    You better be working on your car. My next car is almost done and her nickname is Graphene!
    Isnt her nickname Thor? The transgender Corvette?
    Olitho likes this.

  16. #16
    Senior Member
    Join Date
    May 2007
    Posts
    10,979
    Liked
    1477 times

    Default

    Re: original question . . . It's the female version of the male name Graf . . .
    The deposed former Sheriff of trackHQ . . .

    2006 Porsche 997 Carerra Coupe 6-MT - daily driver
    1992 Honda (Acura) NSX 5-MT - classic investment I couldn't resist and occasionally drive
    2004 Honda S2000 AP2 6-MT - track day car
    2006 Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution IX MR 6-MT - when I need a backseat, 4-doors, or a real trunk, and still want to haul ass . . .

  17. #17
    Chest hair required Olitho's Avatar
    Join Date
    Mar 2007
    Posts
    5,088
    Liked
    2165 times

    Default

    Quote Originally Posted by hakeem View Post
    Isnt her nickname Thor? The transgender Corvette?
    Do you have a problem with that?


    rainbow_5997c.jpg
    To the right of The Sheriff. Isn't everyone?

  18. #18
    LongWinded National Champ Bueller's Avatar
    Join Date
    Oct 2007
    Location
    SoCal
    Posts
    1,748
    Liked
    168 times

    Default

    I always wanted a CF hood. Ill hold out for this stuff instead.
    Team Rambling Warrior Poet


    RRE
    Robispec
    Girodisc
    SCM
    APR

  19. #19
    "Shoe"
    Join Date
    May 2008
    Posts
    1,797
    Liked
    542 times

    Default

    Quote Originally Posted by Bueller View Post
    I always wanted a CF hood. Ill hold out for this stuff instead.
    You'd probably have a new car by then...

  20. #20
    Senior Member Johnny_Se7en's Avatar
    Join Date
    Jul 2009
    Location
    The Orange Curtain
    Posts
    1,197
    Liked
    142 times

    Default

    All I want is a quantum processor computer.
    If nothing happens and there is no one around why did it not happen?

+ Reply to Thread

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts